According to a WHO report the leading causes of death across the world are Coronary Artery Disease leading to 8.76 million and Stroke leading to 6.24 million deaths respectively. These causes contributed to 28% of the overall deaths. Surprisingly, road injuries contributed to 1.34 million deaths. Moreover, the number of deaths due to HIV has substantially reduced by 27% from 2010 to 2015 due to steps taken on HIV awareness.
Life expectancy in India has improved by 70% from Age 40 in the 1960 to Age 70 in 2016. The leading causes of deaths in India are very different compared to the world. The leading causes of deaths in India are Coronary Heart Disease, Lung Disease, Stroke, Diarrhoeal disease, Tuberculosis, and Road Traffic Accidents.
Coronary Heart Disease
India faced 13 lakh deaths due to Coronary Heart Disease or approx. 15% of the overall Cardiac Arrest deaths in the world. The most common symptoms are Chest Pain, Exertion, Shortness of Breath, and Jaw Pain. The major causes are smoking, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, diabetes or insulin resistance and sedentary lifestyle.
Lung disease results in 11 lakh deaths or in 126 in one lakh people in India die of lung disease each year. The major disease that affect the airways that can be categorized as lung disease include Asthma, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, Emphysema, Bronchitis and Cystic Fibrosis. Moreover, the major causes of lung disease include allergies, infection pollutants, smoking, and pneumonia and tuberculosis triggered organisms.
Diarrhoeal disease results 7 lakh deaths in India each year. The disease is caused due to various virus such as rotavirus, norovirus, enterovirus and bacteria such as E. Coli, salmonella, shigella, and cholera. The disease spreads through un-clean toilets, utensils, clothes and furniture. The best way to avoid the disease is through consistent hygiene at home and work.
Road Traffic Accidents
India has the second largest network of Roads in the world, but gets a F when it comes to quality of roads. Approximately 1.5 lakh people die of Road Accidents in India. Based on a NGO, Indians for Road Safety, approximately 1 person dies in a Road Accident every 4 minutes. Although, roads in India have got better over the last decade; It’s only discipline that would improve road safety resulting in fewer casualties.
The disease that can easily result into an Epidemic, Tuberculosis, results in 3 lakh deaths in India each year. The major symptoms of tuberculosis are coughing blood, coughing for 3 or more weeks, fatigue, unintentional weight loss, night sweats, chills, loss of appetite, chest pain and fever. Tuberculosis is caused by bacteria that spreads from one person to other due through small air droplets. It’s likely to spread from a person you live or work with but does not spread when you are only in contact with the person for a few minutes.