How is Jaundice disorder Caused?

Jaundice disorder is one of the most common liver disorders.

What is Jaundice?

The Jaundice disorder is a medical term that defines a yellowish skin and whites of the eyes. Jaundice is not a disease but it is a symptom of various possible primary illnesses. It is caused by an excess amount of bilirubin in the blood.

Bilirubin is a natural product that is formed by the normal breakdown of red blood cells in the liver. Jaundice is also known as Icterus.

How is Jaundice caused?

Jaundice most often arises due to an overproduction of bilirubin or due to the stoppage of bilirubin disposition from the liver. Occasionally, it can be caused because the bilirubin can’t make it to the digestive area in which it is normally removed through the feces. In other cases, it is caused when excess bilirubin tries to enter the liver at a time or many red blood cells die at once.

Jaundice can be caused by various disease processes. It is important to know the different types of Jaundice.

Pre-hepatic Jaundice

In this case, it is caused by a quick increase in breakdown and ruin of red blood cells that increases the level of bilirubin. Conditions that break down red blood cells sooner include:

  • Malaria
  • Sickle cell crisis
  • Drugs or other toxins
  • Thalassemia

Intra-hepatic Jaundice

If the liver is damaged, it may process less bilirubin that causes Intra-Hepatic Jaundice. Reasons due to which the liver may be damaged include:

  • Hepatitis
  • Liver cancer
  • Alcoholic liver disease

Post-hepatic Jaundice

In these cases, it is caused by conditions that disturb the bilirubin removal process. This type of Jaundice is also known as Obstructive Jaundice. Causes of Post-Hepatic Jaundice include:

  • Gallstones
  • Cancer
  • Pancreatitis

The disorder is mostly seen in newborn babies because an extra amount of bilirubin can develop in newborns as their livers are not completely developed. Additionally, the disorder occurs especially in babies born prematurely.

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