How Chikungunya Spreads?

Just like the most feared virus Dengue, Chikungunya is also a mosquito borne viral disease. Chikungunya is typically not incurable, but it can result in extreme pain. It’s spread by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquito. These are the same mosquitoes that spread the Dengue virus. Both the mosquitoes bite outdoors, but the Aedes aegypti can also bite indoors.

How Chikungunya Spreads?

Incidentally, both Dengue and Chikungunya are caused by Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus mosquitoes. These two types of mosquitoes are resulting in an infectious disease epidemic in the country. (Read More)

Aedes Aegypti

Chikungunya is spread by the bite of a female mosquito, Aedes aegypti. This mosquito is originated in Africa, but now it’s found throughout the world. This mosquito generally bites during the day. Aedes mosquitoes are container breeding mosquitoes because they usually breed in unused flowerpots, swimming pools, longstanding tires, ponds, and drainage ditches.

Aedes mosquitoes feed on humans to produce eggs. Moreover, these eggs have the capacity to live for a longer period, and these eggs can easily spread to new locations.

Aedes Albopictus

Aedes albopictus is famous for transmitting Chikungunya. It is from the mosquito family that is also known as the tiger mosquito or forest mosquito. These mosquitoes are small and dark mosquitoes with white strips and banded legs. Mosquitoes bite humans on the exposed skin surface. These mosquitoes bite during the daytime.

Aedes albopictus mosquitoes feed on cats, dogs, deer, birds, and other creatures. They bite both outdoors and indoors but are mostly found outdoors. Aedes albopictus mosquito use natural sites or surroundings and artificial containers with water to lay their eggs.

The major way in which Chikungunya spreads is due to the mosquitoes breeding in standing water. Mosquitoes breeding in standing water can be found in almost every place and at any time of the year. Water is an important element to the mosquito’s life.

Standing Water at home

Aedes mosquitoes are also known as container breeding mosquito. Aedes mosquito breeds mostly in water collection in artificial containers. These mosquitoes prefer to lay eggs in water that are stored in manmade containers. Eggs stick to the containers like a gum until they are cleaned off.

Ponds

A pond, natural or artificial is a form of standing water. Ponds can become a breeding ground for the mosquitoes that spread Chikungunya. Mosquitoes lay eggs where they find still water. Grass clippings and leaves present in ponds supply foods to these mosquitoes to survive.

Water in Tyres

Inappropriately stored tyres can develop into breeding grounds for thousands of mosquitoes. Tyres are one of the important habitats for mosquitoes. Tyres filled with water are insulated and hold heat for a long time that helps mosquitoes in growth and speed up egg hatching. Moreover, tyres containing water collects leaves that offer nutrition for mosquitoes.

Construction Sites

Canvas sheets are used to cover construction materials from rain water may give rise to mosquito breeding. Water puddles on the floor and tanks left uncovered are perfect breeding grounds for mosquitoes.

Overall, Chikungunya does not spread directly person to person. The virus spreads from one person to another when a mosquito bites an infected person and then later bites a non-infected person.