Malaria is a vector-borne disease which is transmitted through a vector species. The female Anopheles mosquito spreads Malaria. Additionally, it is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected mosquito. Moreover, these mosquitoes are also known as night-biting mosquitoes as they commonly bite between dusk and dawn.
How Malaria Spreads?
Malaria is spread among humans by the female Anopheles mosquito. Additionally, when these mosquitoes bite they transfer malarial parasites into the person’s blood that makes them ill.
The Anopheles Mosquito
Anopheles is the species of mosquitoes that spread Malaria. These mosquitoes are found worldwide and are best described as blood seeking mosquitoes. Moreover, Anopheles mosquitoes are most active at night, and they feed both indoors and outdoors. They can be easily differentiated from other mosquitoes by their resting position. The stomach of these mosquitoes is pointed up when they are in a relaxed state.
Furthermore, Anopheles mosquitoes don’t survive more than 1 to 2 weeks. These mosquitoes lay 50 to 200 eggs, and the life cycle of this mosquito from egg to adult is within 4 to 5 days. They lay their eggs in a wide range of locations. They mostly breed in natural water collections; therefore, their breeding increases in the rainy season. Their breeding grounds include fresh water, shady or sunlit places.
Breeding Grounds of Mosquitoes
A puddle is a natural or artificial form of standing water. It can become a breeding ground for the mosquitoes that spread Malaria. Additionally, mosquitoes lay eggs where they find still water. Grass trimmings and vegetation present in ponds supply food to these mosquitoes to survive.
Water which collects on canvas sheets used to cover building materials from rainwater, water puddles on the floor and water tanks left uncovered are perfect breeding grounds for mosquitoes.
Water in Tyres
Improperly stored tyres can grow into breeding grounds for thousands of mosquitoes. Tyres are one of the central habitats for mosquitoes. Additionally, tyres containing water are insulated and hold heat for a long time, which helps mosquitoes in their development and speeds up egg hatching. Moreover, leaves that gather in these tyres offer nutrition for mosquitoes.
Mosquitoes live in dirty places such as garbage bins around your home or nearby areas. Trash filled unclean surroundings or dirty streets are the best breeding grounds for mosquitoes.