Malaria is a mosquito-borne disease caused by parasites transmitted through the Anopheles mosquito. It is a severe illness, which in the worst case can be fatal. The WHO estimates that in 2015, the world had 212 million cases of Malaria and 4,29,000 deaths primarily in regions such as sub-Saharan Africa.
The Anopheles mosquito spreads malaria; hence it is important to avoid mosquito bites. According to the WHO, Vector control is the best way to prevent Malaria transmission. Malaria is avoidable if you take the right precautions before, during or after exposure to dangerous mosquitoes.
Hidoc recommended advice to prevent Malaria:
Control Mosquito Population
Mosquitoes cause this disease; hence, it is important to control the mosquito population. Mosquitoes mostly breed in stagnant water such as uncovered buckets and cans, construction dumpsters, water in pots, garbage bins and open drains. Thus, it is important to check and remove stagnant water from the home and premises regularly. Moreover, it is important to maintain hygiene, and to keep the garbage well covered and dispose of it every day to avoid breeding of mosquitoes.
Avoid exposing your body to mosquitoes. It is recommended to wear protective clothing such as long sleeve shirts and trousers to defend against mosquito bites.
The best way to prevent mosquito bites is to use mosquito repellents.
- Use natural repellents such as lavender, neem and cinnamon oil. Apply these liquids on your body to keep mosquitoes away.
- Various plants have mosquito repellent properties such as feverfew, citronella, catnip, and lavender. Plant them around the house to keep mosquitoes at bay.
- Use repellent coils to keep mosquitoes away. Coil repellents containing at least 10% concentration of DEET (diethyltoluamide) are recommended.
- Use mosquito nets while sleeping. It is the most efficient measure to keep mosquitoes at bay at night.
- Permethrin (Cream) can be applied to clothes, shoes, campaign gear and bed nets to repel mosquitoes at work.
Doors and Windows
Ensure that the doors and windows are closed properly and they do not have any holes. Use structural barriers, window screens, or netting for windows.
If you are traveling to a high-risk area, where Malaria is existing, it is imperative to take proper precautions. Also consult your Doctor before you go and carry sufficient medication with you, which can be used if at all you experience any flu like symptoms during your journey.
Overall, Malaria is a deadly disease resulting in half a million deaths each year. By proper education, we can avoid the widespread transmission of this deadly disease.
Take precautions against Malaria today!