What can you learn from your Grandparent’s lifestyle? The lifestyles and culture of India are changing drastically. We all know that change is the law of nature. No society ever remains changeless. Younger generations have become more independent and have accepted new ideas from western cultures. These changes are like two faces of a coin. Some changes are beneficial, and some are dangerous.
The change in the past and the current lifestyles, is that previous lifestyles can be defined as simple, traditional, home-based lifestyles, with simple tools and a self-sufficient economy. While, current lifestyles are complex, efficient, comfortable and modern, and highly technological.
We can compare the past and current lifestyles in several different areas such as food and work habits, technology and transport.
Over the last few years our eating habits have changed intensely. Our diets have become almost unrecognizable from that of our grandparents. Our attitude towards food has changed the way we shop, cook and dine. Here we look at these changing ways and relate our grandparent’s food choices with our own.
Past: Before people used to eat simple food, like Poli Bhaji for breakfast, and Bhakri, Pitla, Mirchi thecha, onions, freshly cooked vegetables etc. in their meals. They used to drink buttermilk in beverages. These people were healthy, and they rarely had diseases.
Current: The consumption of sweets and fried foods has dramatically increased. Fast food is a major factor in modern food habits. Nowadays, people eat Misalpav, Wadapav, Bhajia etc. for breakfast and they eat Fries, Pizza, Pav Bhaji etc. in their meals. Moreover, they drink beverages like colas. Although, many people find these foods convenient, they lead to many health disorders such as,
- Diabetes: The number of adults with diabetes in India increased from 11.9 million in 1980 to 64.5 million in 2014.
- Obesity: In 1975, India had only 0.4 million obese men and 0.8 million obese women. While in 2014, the number shot up to 9.8 million obese men and 20 million obese women.
- Cardiovascular diseases: In 1990, cardiovascular diseases caused 2.3 million deaths in India, whereas this is projected to be double by the year 2020.
Machinery and Technology
Past: People used to work with simple tools, usually made of metal or wood. They used animals for ploughing in farms, and carrying loads. Moreover, people used written letters and landlines to communicate with each other.
Current: Today we use machines to do the same things with less effort. Machinery has made our lives easier. We use smartphones to communicate with each other. Moreover, the use of cell-phones has become an addiction nowadays, that has had negative effects such as:
- Impact on personal contact
- Negative effects on health
- Distracted drivers
Past: People used to work in farms, manufacturing, construction sites and trades and services. Their work required them to be active and on the move. Moreover, they used to spend their free time with their families and friends.
Current: We spend a major part of our lives at the workplace. We sit for 8-9 hours a day in the office, that causes various health disorders associated with inactivity. Now working in an office is sedentary, such as you manage the business, take calls, send emails, and even attend conferences and meeting without leaving your chair.
Past: People used animals such as horses, donkeys and camels, and bullock carts to travel from one place to another. Moreover, they used to walk to the nearby areas or use public transport and bicycles.
Current: Transportation has become much wider, easier, and faster. A variety of vehicles and modes are available to travel on land, air, and water. Today, the use vehicles and other machinery has increased to the extent, that it is causing global warming and acid rain, harming the environment and human health.
There are many environmental problems in India. Air pollution, water pollution, garbage, and pollution of the natural environment are all challenges for India. India’s growing population is the primary cause of environmental pollution. Besides, transport activities have had multiple effects on the environment, such as increased air pollution and noise pollution. The percentage of two-wheelers has increased from 8.8 % in 1951 to 73.6 % in 2000.
Poor management of waste, growing water scarcity, preservation and quality of forest land, and poverty are the major issues India is facing today.