Breast cancer begins when cells in the breast start to develop out of control. These cells generally form a tumor that can be viewed on an x-ray or feels like a lump. It is the most common cancer in women, and is the second leading cause of cancer death among women, after lung cancer.
Your genes, your lifestyle and your environment can all affect your risk of developing breast cancer. If you are worried about breast cancer, you will wonder if there are steps you can take to prevent it. You can’t change some risk factors, such as aging or family history, but there are lifestyle changes that can lower your risk.
Control your weight
Being overweight or obese increases the risk of breast cancer. This is particularly true for women who gain weight later in life, especially after menopause. To reduce your risk, keep a healthy weight for your height. Your diet may also affect your risk of this cancer. Reduce your intake of fatty, sugary and processed foods and eat more fruits and vegetables.
Exercise Regularly (Read More)
Regular exercise is one of the best ways to maintain a healthy weight, that, in turn, helps avoid breast cancer. To reduce your risk of this cancer, it is recommended, that adults get at least 150 minutes of moderate intensity exercise every week, which is about 30 minutes 5 days a week.
Avoid or Limit Alcohol
Drinking alcohol increases the risk of breast cancer. The level of risk rises as the amount of alcohol consumed rises. It is recommended to quit or drink in small amounts.
Breastfeeding plays a significant role in breast cancer prevention. The longer you breastfeed, the better the protective effect. Breastfeeding can lower breast cancer, particularly if a woman breastfeeds for more than one year. To be noted here, that women who have their first child after the age of 30 are at a higher risk of developing this cancer.
Limit duration of Hormone Therapy
Hormone therapy for more than 3 to 5 years increases the possibility of breast cancer. If you are taking hormone treatment for menopausal symptoms, consult with your doctor about other options. You may be able to manage your symptoms with medications.
Avoid Exposure to Radiation
Radiation exposure could cause breast cancer. Medical imaging tests, such as X-rays, CT scans, and PET scans use high doses of radiation. Limit your exposure by having such tests only when necessary.
Women with a strong family history of cancer may be at a higher risk of getting breast cancer. Consult with your doctor about more ways to lower your risk.
Staying healthy will lower the risk of developing cancer and increase the chances of surviving cancer if it occurs.