How to Prevent Asthma?

How to Prevent Asthma?

Asthma is a common illness that leads to breathing difficulty, coughing, and wheezing. It can be caused by allergies, air pollution, respiratory infections, emotions, climate conditions, additives in food and certain medicines. (Read more about symptoms and causes of asthma). Though asthma itself cannot be prevented, you can control specific factors to help reduce the seriousness and occurrence of symptoms and asthma attacks. For people with asthma, having an asthma management plan is the great way to prevent symptoms. An asthma management plan is something created by you and your doctor to help you manage your asthma, instead of your asthma controlling you. Here are few steps that may delay or possibly prevent asthma:

Follow your asthma action plan

Once you are detected with asthma, create an asthma action plan with your doctor. This plan is a step-by-step procedure of what to do when you face a severe attack. Write a complete plan for taking medicines and managing an asthma attack. Then be sure to follow your plan. Asthma is a lasting disorder that requires regular monitoring and treatment. Taking control of your treatment can make you feel more in control of your life in general.

Know your asthma triggers

Avoiding your causes is the best way to reduce your need for medicine and to prevent asthma. But first, you must know what those triggers are. When you have an asthma episode, think about what surroundings you were just exposed to and try to figure out what is setting you off. This will assist you to know what to avoid in the future. The most common asthma triggers include:

  • Air pollution
  • Allergies
  • Cold air
  • A cold or flu virus
  • Sinusitis
  • Smoke
  • Fragrances

Furthermore, keep track of your asthma symptoms in an asthma diary for some weeks, specifying all the environmental and emotional factors that are linked to your asthma. Discuss your notes with your doctor to look for trends. As you classify your causes, talk about which ones you can avoid, and how to best avoid them.

Take your medicines as prescribed

Just because your asthma appears to be improving, don’t change anything without consulting with your doctor. It’s a good idea to bring your medicines with you to each doctor visit, so your doctor can double-check that you’re using your medicines correctly and taking the right dose.

Get vaccinated for flu

People with asthma are more likely to have complications from the flu, such as pneumonia, and are more likely to be hospitalized because of the flu. Get a flu shot every year to protect against the flu virus, that almost always makes asthma much worse for days to weeks. Staying current with vaccinations can prevent flu and pneumonia from causing asthma flare-ups.

Monitor your breathing

You may learn to identify warning signs of a future attack, such as slight coughing, wheezing or shortness of breath. But as your lung function may decrease before you observe any signs or symptoms, regularly measure and record your peak airflow with a home peak flow meter. Periodically measuring your peak flow can help you control what is normal and thus, what is abnormal for you.

Avoid smoke

Smoke and asthma are a bad mix; it is an important asthma trigger. Whether from tobacco, incense, fireworks or anything else, do your best to avoid inhaling smoke. Do not permit smoking in your house or car, and avoid public places that allow smoking. Smoking always makes asthma worse.

Take control of your allergies

Allergies and asthma are closely connected. If you have allergies and asthma, it’s vital to reduce your contact with the allergens (substances to which you are allergic). Contact with the allergen can temporarily increase the inflammation of the airways in a person with asthma, making them more prone to an asthma attack. Avoiding or reducing contact with the allergen can help prevent an asthma attack. Moreover, getting your allergies treated can go a long way towards getting your asthma under control as well. Consult with your doctor or allergist about medicines and plans to manage your allergies.

Pay attention to air quality

Extremely hot and humid climate and poor air quality can worsen asthma symptoms for many people. Moreover, smog, car exhaust, and other air pollutants can all contribute to asthma. Therefore, it is recommended to limit outdoor activity when these situations exist, or a pollution alert has been issued.

Exercise indoors

Exercise can be a common asthma cause, but this is one trigger you shouldn’t avoid. Physical activity is important for your complete health. Physical activity is vital even for people with asthma. Reduce the risk of exercise-induced asthma attacks by exercising indoors on very cold or very warm days. Consult with your doctor about asthma and exercise.

Reduce your stress

Try to relax because stress, anxiety and emotional upsets can cause asthma and make it worse. Make time for things you enjoy doing and for relaxation. Include yoga, meditation, deep breathing, and progressive muscle relaxation that helps ease your pressure and stress and in turn, reduce the risk of an asthma flare-up.

Disclaimer: All material on is provided for informational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute for professional medical or health advice. Always seek the advice of your physician for any questions regarding your symptoms or medical condition and before taking any home remedies or supplements.