After the long, hot summer months, the monsoon rains bring much-needed relief from the unbearable heat. But the damp and filthy conditions during this season give rise to several health problems and diseases, such as cough, cold, fever, skin infections, stomach infections, malaria, dengue, cholera, and typhoid.
You, therefore, need to be really careful during the rainy season about your food habits and other activities. Here are a few tips and precautions you can take to avoid getting sick and stay safe and healthy throughout this season.
Drink clean, safe water
- Most of the common infections and diseases during the rainy season, such as food poisoning, diarrhoea, cholera, and typhoid, are due to contaminated water. So it is extremely important to take care of the water you drink.
- Drink plenty of water but make sure that you drink boiled or purified water only.
- When outside, do not drink water from public taps, or in restaurants and hotels. Instead, choose to drink bottled water. It is best to carry your own water bottle from home.
Be careful of what you eat
- Street foods like pani puri, chaat, vada pav, and juices are very tempting, but you should avoid them during the rainy season. There are high chances of the water and ingredients used being contaminated with harmful bacteria, which may result in indigestion or food poisoning.
- You must also be careful about eating raw foods, especially those sold outside such as vegetable and fruit salads, cut fruits etc.
- At home, eat fresh vegetables and fruits. Make sure that you wash them thoroughly.
- It is always better to eat hot, cooked food as that kills any germs, bacteria or fungus that may be present in your food. Cook fresh and eat fresh as far as possible.
Keep your hands clean
- The risk of cold and flu can increase during the rainy season. Make it a habit of washing your hands frequently with soap and water to avoid infections.
- Wash your hands, especially after contact with rainwater and also before consuming any food.
- Avoid touching your eyes, nose and mouth without washing your hands properly as you may end up transferring germs to yourself.
Stay clean, dry, and warm
- Try to stay as clean, dry, and warm as possible in order to prevent getting sick or developing fever.
- Always carry your raincoat or umbrella to protect yourself from getting wet.
- Try to avoid walking through dirty water, because a disease known as leptospirosis may affect you, caused by the bacteria present in such contaminated water. This disease is quite similar to flu, but is more severe.
- Damp and wet areas on the body often lead to fungal infections. Keep yourself as dry as possible.
- For example, wet feet can lead to numerous fungal infections of the feet and nails. Dry your feet whenever they get wet. Don’t continue to wear wet socks or wet shoes.
- Take a warm water bath every time you get wet in the rain, after coming back home. This helps to normalise your body temperature and prevents skin infections which can be caused by the dirt and bacteria in the rainwater.
- Warm up with a bowl of hot soup or a hot cup of milk or tea with turmeric and ginger.
Avoid damp indoors
- Damp or wet walls are a common problem during the rainy season. Damp walls can cause the growth of moulds and fungus, which can increase the risk of allergies, asthma, and other respiratory diseases.
- Avoid staying anywhere with damp walls, especially if you suffer from lung problems.
Keep mosquitoes away
- A rise in the number of mosquitoes is a serious problem during the rainy season. This results in an increase in mosquito-transmitted diseases like malaria, dengue, and chikungunya.
- Stagnant water is the main breeding ground for mosquitoes. Make sure that there are no pools of stagnant rainwater around your home and office. Check that open drains, manholes, and water tanks are covered.
- Check through water coolers, flower pots, vases, and unused containers at home, that may be holding stagnant water. Clean them regularly and keep them covered.
- Protect your home and office from mosquitoes with mosquito-nets, coils, and sprays.
- Wear full sleeves clothes and apply a safe mosquito repellent whenever you go out.
Very importantly, exercise regularly and eat a healthy diet containing lots of fresh fruits and vegetables. This helps make your immune system stronger and protects you from diseases during this season.
Disclaimer: All material on Hidoc.co is provided for informational purposes only and should not be taken as a substitute for professional medical or health advice. Always seek the advice of your physician for any questions regarding your symptoms or medical condition and before taking any home remedies or supplements.